Ultrafiltration excels at separating desirable and undesirable components from a waste stream, especially oils.
Ultrafiltration (UF) is a form of filtration that uses a membrane to separate different fluids or ions. Ultrafiltration is not as fine a filtration process as nanofiltration, but it also does not require the same energy to perform the separation. Ultrafiltration also uses a membrane that is partially permeable to perform the separation, but the membrane's pores are typically much larger than the membranes pores that are used in nanofiltration.
Ultrafiltration is most commonly used to separate a solution that has a mixture of some desirable components and some that are not desirable. One of the uses that demonstrates the usefulness of ultrafiltration is separation of oil in an emulsion from water. In this case, oil emulsions, for example, machining coolant emulsions can have the oil separated and concentrated, with the water phase being discharged to sanitary sewer, and the concentrated oil phase being disposed of at a lower cost.
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